“New World Saperavi” Report

     I have developed a fascination for the Saperavi grape. This may seem odd even if you have heard of Saperavi wine because it is nothing new to the wine world. The Saperavi that fascinates me isn’t from the Kakheti region of Georgia , Russia but “New World Saperavi” that is being produced here in the Northeastern U. S., namely the Finger Lakes Wine Region of New York and in Central Pennsylvania. Saperavi is a very deeply colored red wine made from the ancient Saperavi grape that originated in one of the oldest wine growing regions of the world. Saperavi grapes are a teinturier grape, meaning its skin and flesh both have pigment which leads to a very delicious dark wine. What follows is the current state of Saperavi in America as told to me by the producers themselves.

Dr. Konstantin Frank Vinifera Wine Cellar

When the Finger Lakes Wine Region is mentioned undoubtably the first name that comes Dr Frank Logoto mind is the iconic Dr. Konstantin Frank Winery in Hammondsport. The legendary Dr. Frank proved everyone wrong not only by growing vinifera grapes in the FLX but producing world-class award-winning wine from them. I would like to thank Frederick Frank for the time and attention he showed me while assisting me with this post. Dr. Konstantin Frank first planted Saperavi vines in his vineyard in 1958. Dr. Frank would use that fruit to produce his first vintage in 1962. Dr. Konstantin Frank Winery now has 1.5 acres planted in Saperavi vines and expects to produce 250 cases of Saperavi wine. That 1.5 acres of Saperavi vines is divided between their Keuka Lake vineyards in Hammondsport and their Seneca Lake vineyards (on the eastern side) in Hector. Dr. Frank’s Saperavi is only available at their winery tasting room in Hammondsport but they are planning to expand their plantings and hope to offer their Saperavi wine to their wholesalers in the future. Due to high demand and limited production they haven’t entered Dr. Frank Saperavi into wine competitions.  drfrankwines.com 

Standing Stone Vineyards

For years Marti Macinski owner/winemaker of Standing Stone Vineyards has extolled the virtues of Saperavi while methodically expanding her Saperavi vineyard and constantly improving her wine. Having appeared in many local, regional and national publications Standing Stone wine sales have ridden a steadily ascending arc but no member of Marti’s Standing Stone Saperavisolid menu of wine appears to have create a devoted following like her Saperavi has.

Standing Stone planted their first 80 vines in 1994 and they are the source of the fruit for their newly released 2013 Reserve Saperavi. Since 2006 a deliberate and steady expansion of the Saperavi program has led to a vineyard that is just over 5 acres. 2005 was a trial run that yielded 23.5 cases. 2010 was Standing Stone’s first commercial release with 200 cases produced that year. This year the 2015 vintage is anticipated to be about 500 cases but Marti adds the caveat ” if we manage to hold off the deer.” Those deer will have more fruit to choose from because Standing Stone continues to plant more Saperavi vines to increase supply and build inventory for market after the winery has enough grapes for their own wine production. That future production may include experimenting with longer aging, some sweeter versions of Saperavi or possibly a Rosé or Port. Standing Stone Saperavi is very round with delicious ripe flavors of tart cherry fruit when young that evolves into plum and pomegranate that are integrated into complex layers of aroma and flavors as it ages. Marti doesn’t enter her Saperavi into many competitions so when she does it comes as no surprise that Standing Stone Saperavi 2012 was awarded the Wine & Food Classic Gold Medal last year and the 2013 Saperavi  won “Best Other Red Vinifera” at this year’s Classic. A special thanks to Marti Macinski for all the time and effort that you have taken to help me with this post and all the other projects you have assisted me on. standingstonewines.com 

Fero Vineyards & Winery

Fero LogoFero Vineyards & Winery is the only winery in Pennsylvania that I am aware of that has Saperavi planted in it’s vineyard. Chuck Zaleski owner/winemaker of Fero planted his first 500 Saperavi vines on 1/2 acre of his Lewisburg, Pennsylvania vineyard in 2010. He conducted trials as his vines matured until he released his first vintage from the 2013 harvest which consisted of 50 cases. The first Saperavi I ever tasted was Chuck’s 2013 Saperavi  from that first 50 cases he produced. After tasting that wine I was sold on the potential of this Georgian red grape here in the East. The 2014 harvest produced 125 cases and the 2015 harvest , expected to be in October, is estimated to yield similar volume. With the addition of 1/2 acre of Saperavi plantings the projected production will be 4-5 tons per acre. The final production number for Saperavi produced should be approximately 300 cases.

Chuck’s philosophy is to let the grape determine the style, so the style of his Saperavi really does remain “Fluid”. He let the 2013 vintage hang and made a ripe jammy style the both of us loved. He picked earlier in 2014 for added acidity and weather concerns plus because of some reading he had done. He said the 2014 may take a little longer to soften but may have more longevity. Chuck doesn’t use much oak at all because he wants to showcase the grape’s unique rich flavor. He tries to mimic traditional methods as much as possible by fermenting in tall containers at constant temperature, very similar to a Qveri and age it with minimal disturbing on the lees. Fero Saperavi 2013 won a Gold Medal at the Finger Lakes International Wine Competition this year. Enough said!

Chuck’s most intriquing observation about this varity is it’s ability to rival the full-bodied red wines of the warm climate regions. He doesn’t know where the ideal location to produce Saperavi in the U.S. is but is pretty sure it isn’t too far from Central Pa. Chuck’s only problem with Saperavi is that it is selling out too fast before he can satisfy demand. Looks like a great problem to have. Thanks to Chuck Zaleski for introducing me to Saperavi and all the help he has given me.  ferovineyards.com

McGregor Vineyard

John McGregor and his McGregor Black Russian Red have always been an enigma in the FLX. In the Spring of 1980 he planted Saperavi, Sereksiya Charni, Rkatsiteli and Sereksiya Rosé in a limited area of his vineyard. From that first planting his Saperavi and Sereksiya Charni has expanded to 4 acres. In 1985 John made a small experimental batch from these grapes and bottled it in half bottles. McGregor Saperavi and Sereksiya are bottled together and produces over 300 cases per year. That number is certain to rise as more Saperavi vines are planted over the next 3-5 years.

If you are wondering what McGregor Black Russian Red Saperavi & Sereksiya blend taste like here is how John McGregor described it to me ” It’s a very rich, dark red wine that typically spends over two years in oak barrels. It has great structure and depth with flavors typically reminiscent of black currents, blackberries and elderberries entwined with a sweet oak character. It has plenty of tannic structure and generally high acidity, lending it well to long-term cellar aging.” 1985 Saperavi (label)

McGregor Saperavi is entered into few , if any, annual competitions but earlier vintages have been awarded Double Gold and Gold Medals. The 2010 vintage received an 87 point rating in the May 2014 issue of Wine Enthusiast magazine. After decades of hard work Black Russian Red has grown into what John calls “The Cult red wine of the Finger Lakes.” No matter what you call it the one thing you can call it is “Successful.” The label to the right appeared on the McGregor 1985 Saperavi bottle. Thanks John McGregor for the invaluable help you gave me with this article.    McGregorwinery.com 

Will Saperavi develop into the signature Red wine of the East? The quality is certainly there and the vines are able to express the terroir of the vineyards in which they are planted to produce a wine on par or better than their Russian counterparts. The demand for Saperavi is increasing to the point where demand is out pacing supply while supply is also increasing but at a slower rate because of many factors. I believe Saperavi will find its place as the top varietal Red wine of the East but it will take time simply because there are so many obstacles to overcome and that things move slowly for new wine grape development in any region of the world. If you can’t find Saperavi from one of the producers mentioned in this post I recommend that you try a Saperavi from any of the regions where it’s made. Help me tell the secret of Saperavi  wine to wine lovers everywhere. Please repost this article. 



13 thoughts on ““New World Saperavi” Report

  1. Great post! We tried the Standing Stone Saperavi when we were there in July. It’s an interesting grape, for sure. I haven’t seen it pop up in Virginia much, though. I believe Attimo (a winery in southwest VA) has planted some Saperavi. We see more and more Rkatsiteli here in Virginia. Perhaps Saperavi will follow suit! Cheers!!

    Liked by 2 people

  2. Thank you for highlighting a grape variety few people know, much less have tasted! One edit that I think the whole McGregor clan (family and fans) would approve, I think: The winery was actually founded and first grapes planted in 1972 by John’s parents, Bob and Marge McGregor. The winery has always been a family affair though, so John and his siblings have been involved from Day 1 and now John is at the helm. It was a blast learning about their history as I researched my book, Finger Lakes Wine Country (March 2015, Arcadia Publishing). It’s no surprise that Bob McGregor was a Saperavi pioneer in the Northeast, given what I know of his love of red wine and his quest to find varieties that grew well and made quality red wine with 100% FLX grapes.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for the comment. I’m glad to hear from another fan of the FLX and Saperavi. John McGregor was very helpful in providing information about his winery and the history of his Saperavi program. It was John that told me he first planted Saperavi in the Spring of 1980 so that was the date I used. The focus of my article was John’s “Black Russian Red and his pioneering use of Saperavi in the FLX so our conversations dealt specifically with that subject.


  3. I’m in love with McGregor’s wines…especially the Russian varietals. The Black Russian Red is one of my favorites. I’m heartbroken that I just finished my last bottle of it. Rkatsiteli intrigues me as well …it’s so different. It has a spiciness to it like a Cabernet Franc, but citrusy like a dry Riesling and mineral like a Gruner Veltliner. Tomasello Winery in New Jersey does a Sparkling Rkatsiteli that is delicious.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I agree! I think these grapes have great potential to produce outstanding wines if given the chance here on the East Coast. They appear to have the ability to express their terrior very well. I called McGregor Black Russian Red a “Cult wine” once and John McGregor liked it so much he told me that it was “THE Cult Wine of the FLX.” Needless to say John is passionate about his wines. Happy New Year!

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Greetings, Mr. Rocco!

    I came across your blog the other day, and thought you might be interested in what I am doing here (viticulturally) in western Colorado.

    We have one of the highest vineyards in North America, at 6,468’. We are located on the south slope of the Grand Mesa, the highest flat-top mountain in the world (~11,000 ft. elevation).

    For the past 18 years we have successfully grown Pinot noir (Bronze medals from Finger Lakes competition this year) and Pinot gris, and for the past six years we have grown Rkatsiteli. The local winery here received a Double Gold this past year at the San Francisco Chronicle Wine Competition for the Rkats (I think only one other winery in the state has this variety). So, it’s doing quite well at this high elevation. We get many hot days (90s), in the summer, followed by very cool evenings (usually in the 50s or very low 60s).

    This spring I will be planting a row (104 plants) of Saperavi, and thought that might interest you. I know it’s typically considered a mid-flowering (good) and late-ripening (not so good, depending upon how late) variety, but no-one in the state has it, and who knows how it might do here? A grape growing friend of mine, who lives nearby, planted the Italian variety Teroldego at his place four years ago. He was told it was late ripening and wouldn’t work here. Well, it exhibits moderate to high vigor and ripens at exactly the same time as Pinot noir. So, the stuff we read is a good starting point, but in practice we really don’t have answers until we try…

    So, I’ll be planting Saperavi in May. Do you have any thoughts as to how it might do? I am fascinated by Georgian wines, and am planning a trip to Georgia in two years. I’ve tried several offerings…and currently have a few bottles of Pheasant’s Tears Saperavi in the wine cooler.

    Well, I thought I’d touch bases with you as you might be interested in following the “evolution” (hopefully!) of Saperavi in western Colorado. It will almost certainly be quite different from anything from the Finger Lakes area. Our volcanic basalt soil seems to be a good match for vinifera, and our winters here (unlike on the Front Range…near Denver) are pretty mild. Our biggest challenge is not winter, but spring! It’s not at all uncommon to have several days of unusually warm weather and then a night or two in the teens! So, fairly late flowering varieties of vinifera are essential!

    Let me know your thoughts, and whether or not I’ve totally lost my mind to consider growing Saperavi here!


    Richard Nunamaker
    Grand Mesa Vineyards
    Cedaredge, Colorado

    Liked by 1 person

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